Op.Dr. Nurettin Türktekin
Lifestyle and Infertility

Lifestyle and Infertility

Understanding the relationship between lifestyle and infertility is very important for couples to realize their desire for pregnancy.

First of all, it is necessary to know the answer to the question "What is infertility?". Infertility, also known as interfertility, is a condition in which pregnancy does not occur despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse between partners. It is recommended to start treatment immediately, especially in women over the age of 35, as they are less likely to conceive.

After defining interfertility, it is usually useful to be informed about "How to recognize infertility". Today, there are many different treatment methods in the treatment of this problem and thanks to the developing medical facilities, people can have children after an effective process.

What are the Symptoms of Infertility?

Symptoms of infertility may differ in men and women. Irregular menstrual cycle or absence of menstrual bleeding can be considered an important symptom. Severe menstrual periods or pelvic pain can signal reproductive health problems. In addition, pain or discomfort during sex may indicate a problem with the reproductive organs and therefore interference. It is also important to remember that women can experience false pregnancy symptoms.

In men, reduced sperm count, reduced motility or deformities are the most serious symptoms. These are followed by erection problems or decreased sexual desire. Chronic testicular pain or discomfort can also be a symptom of a reproductive health problem. Frequent recurrent infections are also often discussed under the heading "male infertility symptoms". The following steps are usually taken to diagnose interphilyte:

  •         Medical history assessment.
  •         Physical examination.
  •         Ovulation tests.
  •         Hormone levels.
  •         Sperm analysis.

The Impact of Lifestyle on Infertility

Today, rapidly changing lifestyles and habits have many impacts on people's health. One of these, and perhaps the most important one, is the negative impact on reproductive health. Recent scientific studies clearly show the decisive role of partners' lifestyles on infertility. It has been proven that harmful habits and environmental factors can be directly linked to infertility.

Nutrition is one of the most important factors in this regard. Poor eating and drinking habits have a major impact on a person's sexual health as well as their general health. Fast food consumption, predominantly processed foods can increase the risk of infertility. On the other hand, obesity can have a negative impact on fertility by causing hormonal fluctuations. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced and nutritious diet, and exercising regularly is an important steps to reduce the risk of infertility.

In addition, modern lifestyles have reduced the level of physical activity. Long hours spent sitting can result in inactivity, which can increase the risk of infertility. Not only does movement help control body weight, but it can also positively affect reproductive health by balancing hormone levels. By exercising regularly, couples can improve their blood circulation, reduce stress and improve their overall health, which can have a positive impact on the risk of infertility.

Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, which cause many diseases, are also habits that can lead to infertility. Smoking can reduce sperm quality in men and decrease ovarian reserve in women. Heavy alcohol consumption can disrupt hormone balance and cause toxic effects on the reproductive system. Avoiding such harmful habits is important for maintaining a healthy sexual life.

Although underestimated, environmental factors can also have a major impact on people's reproductive health. Prolonged exposure to chemicals, industrial pollutants, and pesticides can lead to many undesirable consequences and are among the causes of infertility. Therefore, choosing organic foods, avoiding toxic chemicals, and living in a healthy environment are valuable for maintaining sexual health.


According to the data, the age of becoming a mother has risen significantly compared to the past, and is now, on average, over 30 years old. At the same time, the number of people under the age of 25 who become parents is gradually decreasing. The average age of first-time mothers worldwide has also increased. This is not only due to women's desire to have children later in life. Longer education and working lives for both parties also have an impact on marriages and pregnancy.

Many couples are not in a hurry to have children even though they are already married. However, age, along with many other factors, can be a determinant of fertility for both men and women. For a woman over 40, the chance of pregnancy with her own eggs drops to around 5%. At older ages, this rate decreases to around 1%. Similarly, sperm quality deteriorates in men. When living conditions, lifestyle, and environmental factors are considered together, couples who intend to become parents may need to act in a much more planned manner.

Despite all the risks and difficult circumstances, there is hope for almost everyone to have a child. A strong immune system, improved lifestyle, and good planning can significantly increase the chances of conception. Op. Dr. Nurettin Türktekin is the owner of one of the most successful infertility and IVF treatment centers in Turkey. Please contact us for more information.



Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or vesicles seen inside the ovary. Normally, during each menstrual period, a cyst called a follicle, which carries the egg cell and can reach 3 cm in size, forms in the ovaries. Then this cyst cracks and the egg is released. In young girls with ovulation problems, normal or physiological follicle cysts that cannot rupture can grow every month and reach 5-10 cm, while small numbers of 0.5-1 cm in size, which we call polycystic ovaries, can be seen in series. Apart from these functional cysts, benign or malignant ovarian cysts can also be seen in all age groups.

Except for the most common functional ovarian cysts, cysts can be benign or malignant tumoral cysts. In addition, as a result of infection, abscess-shaped cysts may occur, which is usually accompanied by pain and high fever.


The treatment process may vary depending on the couple's situation and the chosen treatment method. The duration of treatment can vary from a few months to several years.

Yes, healthy eating, regular exercise, avoiding stress, smoking and alcohol consumption can significantly reduce the risk of infertility.

In women, the risk of infertility increases after the age of 35. In men, however, age has less of an impact on the risk of infertility.

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