Op.Dr. Nurettin Türktekin
Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment Methods

Sexually transmitted infections are conditions in which partners infect each other with different viruses, bacteria, and parasites during contact.

They occur during sexual intercourse, especially in the genital area. Sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented if the symptoms are well understood, but if left untreated, they can lead to a variety of conditions, including AIDS. In today's conditions, 7-8 factors are often seen as the source of these problems, while only 4 of them can be treated.

Since these are very common problems, the answer to the question of what are sexually transmitted diseases is often sought. These diseases can be transmitted anally, orally, or vaginally. In addition, it can be transmitted through blood without sexual contact. One of the ways to protect yourself is to know and understand the symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases may vary from case to case, and some people may not have symptoms at all. The most common symptoms of these diseases, which also negatively affect the immune system, include vaginal itching, persistent discharge, pain during sex, and genital rashes.

The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in men and women are similar and are listed above. Below is a list of the most important conditions that occur in both sexes:

  • Herpes
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis (Syphilis)
  • Gonorrhea (Gonorrhea)
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Hepatitis B and C

Some of these diseases may not show any symptoms at all or their symptoms may be confused with other health problems. If a sexually transmitted disease is suspected, it is very important to consult a health professional. Also, since the answer to the question of whether sexually transmitted diseases can be detected in a blood test is yes, regular health checks, communicating with partners, and using the right contraceptive methods are essential for prevention.

Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted infections can be detected through testing. One of the most common is HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), a virus that weakens the immune system. HIV infection usually progresses without symptoms and can last for years until AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) develops. This is the stage at which the immune system is severely weakened. Early symptoms of HIV/AIDS can be nonspecific, such as mild flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue. Over time, as the infected person progresses, more serious infections, cancers, and weight loss can occur.

Genital herpes is an infection triggered by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). Blisters and sores usually appear in the genital area or mouth. In the first stage of the disease, a person may have symptoms such as pain, itching, and burning. After the blisters burst and form sores, these lesions heal, but the virus remains in the body and can periodically recur.

HPV, on the other hand, is a family of viruses that cause infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Many types of HPV are asymptomatic and can be cleared by the body. However, high-risk types can cause genital warts or cancers of the cervix, anus, mouth, and throat. Chlamydia is another infection caused by the bacteria "Chlamydia trachomatis". Women and men may experience symptoms such as burning during urination, vaginal or urethral discharge, and pelvic pain. However, most people do not have symptoms, so if the problem is not recognized and treated, it can damage the reproductive system.

Gonorrhea, also known as gonorrhea, is an infection caused by the bacteria "Neisseria gonorrhoeae". Serious symptoms such as painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse, and yellow or green discharge can be seen. At the same time, areas such as the eyes, throat, and rectum can also be infected. Syphilis is caused by the bacteria "Treponema pallidum". Syphilis has different stages. In the first stage, there may be painless sores, in the second stage there may be symptoms such as skin rashes and fever. It can be treated, but if neglected, it can damage the nervous system, heart, and other organs in later stages.

Hepatitis B and C viruses cause liver infections. Symptoms such as jaundice, fatigue, and loss of appetite can be seen. It can become chronic and lead to disease in the affected organ. Finally, Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by a parasite with a similar name. Women may have symptoms such as foamy vaginal discharge, itching, and pain. Men usually do not show symptoms. Many people think a lot about "When do sexually transmitted diseases become obvious?".

Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections

One of the most important ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections is open and honest communication with one's partner. In this dialog, talking about both parties' health history and any illnesses can help to better understand and prevent risks. In addition, different methods can be used for protection during sex. Classical methods such as condoms can reduce the risk of infection. Monogamy is also known to reduce the risk of disease. If the other person is equally honest with their partner, this can increase the effectiveness of the protection strategy. Vaccines are available against certain diseases, such as HPV and hepatitis B, and taking them can significantly reduce the overall risk.

Regular health check-ups are important to detect infections early and start treatment if necessary. Good hygiene is essential. Assessing the sexual history and risk factors before having sex with a new partner can help to protect the patient's health. If you have various questions such as whether sexually transmitted infections can be detected in urinalysis and are looking for a solution, contact Op. Dr. Nurettin Türktekin. All you need to do is reach us at the contact number.



Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or vesicles seen inside the ovary. Normally, during each menstrual period, a cyst called a follicle, which carries the egg cell and can reach 3 cm in size, forms in the ovaries. Then this cyst cracks and the egg is released. In young girls with ovulation problems, normal or physiological follicle cysts that cannot rupture can grow every month and reach 5-10 cm, while small numbers of 0.5-1 cm in size, which we call polycystic ovaries, can be seen in series. Apart from these functional cysts, benign or malignant ovarian cysts can also be seen in all age groups.

Except for the most common functional ovarian cysts, cysts can be benign or malignant tumoral cysts. In addition, as a result of infection, abscess-shaped cysts may occur, which is usually accompanied by pain and high fever.


The treatment of sexually transmitted diseases depends on the type of infection. Bacterial infections are usually treated with antibiotics, while specific treatments may not be available for viral infections.

Yes, because asymptomatic infections can be passed on to others and can lead to serious long-term health problems. Regular health checks can help detect infections early.

They are usually transmitted during sex, but some diseases can also be transmitted not through contact but through other ways, such as blood transfusions or syringes.

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